The World Health Organisation has appointed the director general of the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC), Dr. Chikwe Ihekweazu as one of the chairpersons for the 2019 Novel Coronavirus Global Research and Innovation Forum.
Ihekweazu, an epidemiologist, and three other chairperson appointees, namely, J Farrar, MP Kieny, and N Lima have the mandate to take stock of deliberations at the forum and report back to director general of WHO, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
The WHO research and development blueprint is a global strategy and preparedness plan that allows the rapid activation of activities during epidemics.
“Its aim is to fast-track the availability of effective tests, vaccines and medicines that can be used to save lives and avert large scale crisis,” WHO said in a statement.
Ihekweazu and his team were detailed to review the main knowledge gaps and research priorities, models of governance and the support required for success.
The event was held at WHO headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland February 11-12, 2020.
Leading health experts from around the world had met at the WHO’s Geneva headquarters to assess the current level of knowledge about the new COVID-19 disease, identify gaps and work together to accelerate and fund priority research needed to help stop the outbreak and prepare for any future outbreaks.
The two-day forum was convened in line with the WHO Research and Development Blueprint – a strategy for developing drugs and vaccines before epidemics, and accelerating research and development while they are occurring.
Speaking at the event, Ghebreyesus said: “This outbreak is a test of solidarity — political, financial and scientific. We need to come together to fight a common enemy that does not respect borders, ensure that we have the resources necessary to bring this outbreak to an end and bring our best science to the forefront to find shared answers to shared problems.
“Research is an integral part of the outbreak response. I appreciate the positive response of the research community to join us at short notice and come up with concrete plans and commitment to work together.”
The meeting, hosted in collaboration with GloPID-R (the Global Research Collaboration for Infectious Disease Preparedness), brought together major research funders and over 300 scientists and researchers from a large variety of disciplines.
They discussed all aspects of the outbreak and ways to control it including: the natural history of the virus, its transmission and diagnosis; animal and environmental research on the origin of the virus, including management measures at the human-animal interface; as well as epidemiological studies.
The forum also examined the clinical characterisation and management of disease caused by the virus: infection prevention and control, including best ways to protect health care workers; research and development for candidate therapeutics and vaccines; ethical considerations for research; and integration of social sciences into the outbreak response.
Chair of GloPID-R, Prof. Yazdan Yazdanpanah, noted: “This meeting allowed us to identify the urgent priorities for research. As a group of funders, we will continue to mobilise, coordinate and align our funding to enable the research needed to tackle this crisis and stop the outbreak, in partnership with WHO.”
“Equitable access – making sure we share data and reach those most in need, in particular those in lower and middle-income countries, is fundamental to this work which must be guided by ethical considerations at all times,” Yazdanpanah added.
During the meeting, the more than 300 scientists and researchers participating both in person and virtually agreed on a set of global research priorities.
They also outlined mechanisms for continuing scientific interactions and collaborations beyond the meeting, which will be coordinated and facilitated by WHO.
They worked with research funders to determine how necessary resources can be mobilised so that critical research can start immediately.
The deliberations will form the basis of a research and innovation road map charting all the research needed and this will be used by researchers and funders to accelerate the research response.